Plants3D Seminar: Talia Karasov, University of Utah

Talia Karasov
Genomics Auditorium 1102A

Title: "Interactions between host genetics and the microbiome that suppress plant pathogens"

If you cannot attend in person, please email for the zoom link.

Host: Dan Koenig

Abstract:  In agriculture, microbial disease outbreaks are often associated with the emergence and spread of single pathogenic lineages. Evidence suggests that wild plant populations are more resistant to this type of outbreak. I will describe work that aims to identify factors in wild plant populations that provide protection from pathogen spread. Focusing on interactions between the widespread plant bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae and wild populations of Arabidopsis thaliana, we used microbiome surveys of host populations to determine the spatial distributions of Pseudomonas pathogens. Comparative genomics of more than 1,500 Pseudomonas strains and subsequent pathology testing revealed extensive phenotypic and genetic variation in the pathogen populations, and genotype x genotype interactions with the A. thaliana immune system.  We further found evidence that interactions with other microbiota and phages in wild populations prevent single strains of Pseudomonas from spreading broadly.  Overall, our results suggest that a combination of host genetic diversity and competition with complex microbial communities suppress Pseudomonas spread. 

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